The Hydrogen Bomb Essay

991 words - 4 pages

The hydrogen bomb, a thermonuclear weapon is an explosive device that creates its explosion by fusing two atoms together, to create a reaction similar to the processes that happens on the sun. The concept was first developed in 1952, during the cold war, and the bombs continually grew in destructive potential until the Tzar bomb, a 50 megaton bomb, that was detonated by the Soviets in 1961. The hydrogen bombs were unique to atomic bombs, because unlike the atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs had no conceivable limit to their size. This in turn made it possible for scientists to build as big as they wanted.

The hydrogen bomb was a definite step up from the kiloton range of the atomic bombs. ...view middle of the document...

Surrounding the primary and secondary was a radiation case that temporarily contained the primary’s explosion.

The hydrogen bomb had no real limit to its destructivity because all one had to do was to add more fuel in the second stage, which would increase the blast size. With that in mind, scientist thought that making the bomb bigger would not have the desired result, but making the bomb easier to deliver would increase its usefulness. Scientists started working with the technology of missile deployment of the bombs. These intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBM’s were developed from the idea of sending an attack without endangering a pilots life. The missiles were weaponized with nuclear warheads, with destructive power from small yielding bombs to the larger, 50 megaton bombs.

Many people disapproved the idea of creating a hydrogen bomb, saying that the magnitude would be so great, that to only purpose would be to destroy large civilized populations, a mass genocide. Many scientist who had worked on the atom bomb did disagree with making a larger bomb, explaining how we aren’t entirely certain how the atom bomb works and everything that it does, short and long term. Creating such bomb also invoked people to suggest that if we create a hydrogen bomb, the Soviets would set an example for the Soviets, who would then create their own bomb.

Fears about the fast closing nuclear world war grew strong in the US as well as the Soviet Union. One famous close call with nuclear war happened in 1962, when a US spy plane was flying over Cuba and spotted Soviet missile launch sites being built. The location of those missile sites made it possible for the Soviets to send a missile to hit the US with short warning. The whole world then setup for World War III to start. “Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba and all U.S....

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