Throughout the history of civilization, a new medium of linguistic communication has always brought significant changes in our way of communication as well. Such media are printing in the fifteen century, telegraph and telephone in the nineteen century, and finally television and the internet in the twentieth century. However, the sheer scale and the significance of the Internet have in sociolinguistic and stylistic complexity of the language is unprecedented and comparable to that of conventional audio and visual quality of linguistic aspects.
Unlike previous communication media, the internet is global, interactive and electronic. Such characteristics of the media have different influences in linguistic development. Moreover, the internet also redefines the relationship between the written and spoken aspects of language, according to Dr David Crystal, the internet language is called ‘written speech’ or ‘spoken writing’. In spoken language, there are two main differences between the internet language (aka Netspeak) and face-to-face conversation: firstly, in electronic situations of conversation there is a lack of simultaneous feedback and secondly, the rhythm of the interaction in electronic situations of conversation is slower than in conversational speech situations. Furthermore, in written language, while traditional writing is static and permanent, the internet writing can be revised and restructured if necessary. Nevertheless the fact that the Netspeak displays the graphic and visual aspects, it is safe to say that the Netspeak has both speech and writing properties (Crystal 47).
In sociolinguistic aspect, the Internet has created so-called a virtual community. It is true that the Internet is wired worldwide and at glance computer-mediated communication (CMC) seems to have overcome the limitations of physical environments, cultural differences and time-zones, but in reality virtual communities are relatively small-scale, restricting its membership based on solidarity and creating their own distinctive dialects.
In language study, there are two types of approaches: prescriptive and descriptive. Simply put, in the prescriptive point of view, there is a one superior variety of language that should be imposed upon the speech community while in the descriptive point of view, varieties of dialects are included in the speech community. In the world of Internet literature, both descriptivists and prescriptivists suggest imposing their points of views to Speech community. Whatever the outcome of the arguments might be, the Netspeak writers have searched for new vocabulary constantly, creating new...