This Paper Is A Review On A Journal Article Entitled "Corporal Punishment By Parents And Associated Child Behaviors And Experiences: A Meta Analytic And Theoretical Review" By Elizabeth Gershoff.

1239 words - 5 pages

Corporal Punishment: Positive or NegativeWe often hear on the news of incidents involving child cruelty. Cases where parents have stepped over the lines of proper corporal punishment and have abused and beaten their children seem to be becoming more and more common. We also hear how many people, such as criminals, become what they are as a result of how they were punished as children. Corporal punishment, or physical punishment such as spanking or slapping, is rarely talked about in a positive way. However, we hear all about the negative effects in extreme cases where parents have gone too far. Many people argue that corporal punishment can be too harsh, and that you should never inflict your child with pain. Yet, others strongly support it because it aids in correcting and controlling your children. It also teaches them the difference between right and wrong and the punishment and pain they can receive for doing what is wrong.For my journal article review, I reviewed an article from the Psychological Bulletin entitled, "Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review." The article is by Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff and explains the lines of corporal punishment and its relation to eleven associated child behaviors. Gershoff presents most of her information in the form of a meta-analysis, which is a combination of data from several studies to produce a single estimate. She begins by explaining how corporal punishment differs from physical abuse. In the article, she uses Straus's definition of corporal punishment that says, "Corporal punishment is the use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain but not injury for the purposes of correction and control of the child's behavior (540)." To deviate this from physical abuse, Gershoff uses a definition found by the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information that states, "Physical abuse is characterized by the infliction of physical injury as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise harming a child. The parent or caretaker may not have intended to hurt the child; rather the injury may have resulted from over-discipline or physical punishment (540)."Recently, psychologists like Gershoff have tried to find a correlation between the use of corporal punishment on a child at a young age and the constructs and behavior of the child as it grows. Gershoff uses the word "constructs" rather than "outcomes" throughout her article, because "outcomes" makes it sound as if there is definitely a correlation between the pain inflicted and the results of the child's behavior at a later date. Because it so hard to measure both the severity and amount of corporal punishment given and the seriousness of the behavior, most of her data is based on estimates and gives possibilities that there is a connection. Most data recorded is from actual parent reports, phone calls,...

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