Title: Critically Assess The Concepts Used By Emile Durkheim In His Analysis Of The Social Changes Caused By Rapid Industrialization And Modernization.

2098 words - 8 pages

Distinguished himself from Marxist insistence on economic factor as the determinant of social change and Weber's famous view on the great influence of religion, Durkheim tries to explain social change by means of explaining the society itself apart from its individual members, through the analysis of the functional relationship between 'social facts'. By differentiating between social solidarity - one of the most important social fact that he is concerned with, Durkheim developed a series of theories to interpret the social change caused by industrialization and modernization.Durkheim's analysis of society is based on his view of social facts. Unlike his colleagues, he sees human society as an objectively existing entity preceding the individuals who comprise it. He believes that the behaviours of each individual do not evolve from one's desire, rather, these behaviours are lead by the social system. In his opinion,'Members of society are constrained by 'social facts', by 'ways of acting, thinking and feeling, external to the individual, and endowed with a power of coercion, by reason of which they control him'. Beliefs and moral codes are passed on from one generation to the next and shared by the individuals who make up a society...' (Haralambos, 2000, pp.1035)For example, if one buys a Rolls-Royce, the transaction does not occur simply because s/he wants the car, in deed s/he is also trying to earn certain respect and acceptance from the other individuals in the society. Durkheim coined the term 'social facts' to describe such societal respects and acceptance which he believed can hardly be modified. And from a functionalist stand point, these facts will be passed on from generation to generation by means of education, religious practice and other relevant social functions. Therefore, the person's will to buy a Rolls-Royce is probably inherited from his/er family tradition or caused by the influence of advertisement promoting certain social value. Thus, Durkheim believes that society stands apart from its members when being analysed.Furthermore, Durkheim tried to explain the social fact by seeking out its origin and the ingredients indispensable to its continual existence. He believes that 'The determining cause of a social fact should be sought among the social facts preceding it and not among the stats of individual consciousness.' (Haralambos, 2000, pp.1035)Consequently that buying a Rolls-Royce in exchange for prosperity and respect does not spring from the common desires of purchasing high quality goods, rather the root is in the social fact which refers to the human nature of respecting people who can 'lead a better life' in capitalist society, partly influenced by the Protestant Ethic. (Haralambos, 2000, pp.449)Durkheim then looks into the continual existence of social facts and discovers that 'Social facts therefore continue in existence because they contribute in some way to the maintenance of society, because they serve 'some social...

Find Another Essay On Title: Critically assess the concepts used by Emile Durkheim in his analysis of the social changes caused by rapid industrialization and modernization.

The Life of Emile Durkheim Essay

1521 words - 6 pages Emile Durkheim was French sociologist. He was born on April 15, 1858 in Epinal, France. Epinal is located in the Eastern French Province, Lorraine. His father, Moise was the Chief Rabbi of Epinal, Vosges, and Haute-Marne, while his mother, Melanie, worked as an embroiderer. Durkheim was the youngest of their four surviving children. Durkheim’s great-grandfather, grandfather, and father were all Jewish rabbis. He was expected to

suicide by emile durkheim Essay

1176 words - 5 pages in society. In his classic work, The Division of Labor in Society, he identified two major sources of coherence: (a) mechanical solidarity was achieved by persons holding common norms and values, and (b) organic solidarity which resulted from the interdependence created by the division of labor in society. Initially Durkheim contemplated suicide as a manifestation of the lack of social togetherness since it represented extreme alienation from

The Cost of Rapid Industrialization

553 words - 2 pages understood by many aid organizations that Africa needs to industrialize faster. In fact, there is an "African Industrialization Day" on the 20th of November every year. An example of a nation in our times that went through rapid industrialization is China. China went from the stone age, to a superpower nation in a matter of fifty years. Its citizens are much more well-off than fifty years ago. If China had held back, to try and stop poverty, or

Emile Durkheim, the Father of Sociology

2473 words - 10 pages people defy norms that are set by the society in which they live. Durkheim came up with his concepts of deviance. Durkheim stated that deviance is an integral part of society and is normal to all healthy functioning societies (George Catlin). We can confirm his statement due to the fact that no one is one hundred percent socialized. There are always going to be people with deviant thoughts and possibly even act on the thoughts, no matter how

Mexican Society in the eyes of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim

1259 words - 5 pages In the article titled “Mexican official's daughter gets restaurant closed after she didn't get table she wanted” gives us the opportunity to explore a current event in Mexican society and the influence of social media which we attempt to view through the eyes of both Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. We will focus on Karl Marx’s conflict theory of capitalism and Emile Durkheim’s structural functionalism theory of dynamic density. Both theories

Durkheim Said 'explain One Social Fact By Another'. Did He In His Study Of Suicide

2343 words - 10 pages by virtue of which they exercise control over him." It was from this base that Durkheim undertook his study of Suicide.Durkheim sees social facts as absolutely objective "things" that can be analyzed and evaluated in a scientific way. From this notion of objective social facts he deduced that "one social fact could be used to explain another." This principle is commonly found amongst other scientific disciplines, for example the theory of gravity

Changes Caused by the Attacks of September 11, 2001

1694 words - 7 pages not matter what shape, size, religion, color, culture you are hope and fear still has the exact same meaning. Hope is desire accompanied by expectation of or belief in fulfillment. Fear is an unpleasant often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger. “The very moment the first plane was hijacked, the democracy won.” (truth.com). This means that the very second the first plane was hijacked; America had already won the

The Social Consequences of the Changes in 18th Century Rural England have Caused Controversy Amongst Contemporaries and Historians. Why have the Changes Caused such Controversy?

1445 words - 6 pages enclosure cameAnd dreams of plunder in such rebel schemesHave found too truly that they were but dreams"This however being the viewpoint of the villager who can only comment on his own circumstance and of what he envisages around him. There are many conflicting debates that can be had as to why the changes caused such controversy and with all the facts, figures and contemporary viewpoints available then a level debate is in the most part the fair debate, adding to that, contemporaries will hold their views based on personal circumstance and historians will hold their views based on facts, figures and various sources.

The Division of Labor in Society by Emily Durkheim

718 words - 3 pages differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics, and argued that stronger social control among Catholics results in lower suicide rates. In 1912, Durkheim published his last major work, The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life. This book analyzes religion, through the lens of a social phenomenon. By being a pioneer in the field of sociology Emile Durkheim opened the door for other sociologists to build upon his ideas. The modern day

Social Ethical Changes Caused By Information Technology

2086 words - 8 pages The problem to be investigated is the connection between ethical foundations and the challenges presented by information technology in today’s high intensity electronic environment. The discussion centers on the topics of societal ethical changes caused by information technology, the ethical usage of information the technology, and the development of a code of ethics surrounding these ethical issues. These topics are reviewed using Brooks

Religious Conviction in Emile Durkheim´s Elementary Forms Of The Religion Life

701 words - 3 pages Emile Durkheim As An Idealist In "Elementary Forms Of The Religion Life" Durkheim's most important rationale in The Elementary Forms was to explain and clarify the generally primordial religious conviction identified by man. However, his focus as a consequence irk a number of outside connection for historians as his fundamental rationale went distinctly ahead of the modernization of an old culture for its own accord; quite the opposite

Similar Essays

The Mc Donaldization Of Society (Critique Of Novel Written By George Ritzer, Where He Theorizes That Modern Society Is Now Based On The Concepts Used By Ray Kroc In Building His Mc Donald's Empire)

2276 words - 9 pages possible, no matter who is harmed in the process.George Ritzer builds his thesis on the fundamental foundations of Max Weber's theory of rationalization. Max Weber, a German sociologist, viewed bureaucracy as the most efficient way of running a large-scale business, and McDonald's is the epitome of this type of company. His theory of rationalization assumes that social interaction and institutions progressively aim for mastery of all actions by

The Division Of Labour In Society By Emile Durkheim

2143 words - 9 pages oameni.Pentru a explica contributia diviziunii muncii la existenta solidaritatii, Durkheim foloseste exemplul unui cuplu casatorit. El sustine ca societatea conjugala ar disparea daca diviziunea muncii intre sexe ar regresa dincolo de un anumit punct, reducandu-se la relatii sexuale. Insa in ceea ce priveste utilitatea economica, diviziunea muncii reprezinta mai mult decat un interes indreptat in acest sens, realizand stabilirea unei ordini

The Role Of Education In Society As Discussed By Emile Durkheim, Pierre Bourdieu, And John W. Meyer

571 words - 2 pages Theorists have long discussed the value of education in society as evidenced by the writings of Emile Durkheim, Pierre Bourdieu, and more recently John W. Meyer. Emile Durkheim believed in the theory of structural functionalism and its ability to provide social order. Durkheim felt institutions were a social fact that made the machine of society work in an orderly fashion. Education, being an institution has a standard set of rules accepted

The Contributions Of Emile Durkheim Essay

2386 words - 10 pages of secondary education in France (1938) and Sociology and Philosophy (1953) he utilized his fundamental principles and exemplified the building blocks that he contributed to the field of sociology. According to Coser (2004), it was Durkheim who undoubtedly originated the use of the functional method to investigate social phenomena. He established a clear division between historical and functional forms of analysis and between functional