Transubstantiation Essay

1672 words - 7 pages

My flesh is true food, my blood is true drink" (John 6:55) These were the words spoken by Christ himself, during the initial institution of the Eucharistic sacrament. Such phraseology, a primary article of Catholic belief was intended to be perceived in its literal sense, as opposed to metaphorical interpretation.The Eucharist is a sacrament of the Lord's supper, consisting of consecrated elements which have undergone transubstantiation - a change in essence. Such transformation results in what is referred to as 'Real Presence' - the complete "body and blood, together with the soul and divinity of our lord Jesus Christ" (Catechism,1374).Despite variations throughout history in understanding of Eucharistic presence, the actual dogma of transubstantiation has remained unchanged since the Catholic Church's first recorded teachings of such a notion in 33A.D. The concept of 'Real Presence' was undoubtedly accepted in its literal sense throughout the first millennium AD, questions remaining unposed until the reformation of the 1500s, when the church was exposed to much disunity.The division within the church preceded the formation of an Ecumenical council in Trent, where Episcopal powers aimed to re-enforce belief in Real Presence - to restore, through the Eucharist, a unity of the 'one, holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church'. Despite periodical variation, the second Vatican council of 1962, boasting a multiple presence of Christ in Eucharistic worship, was built upon similar motives to that of Trent.Eucharistic dogma involves the complex concept of Transubstantiation - literally a change in essence. Such a notion involves the presence of the Holy Eucharist, as the real body and blood of Jesus, initiated at the moment of consecration. Despite arguments opposing literal interpretation of Real Presence, there is no evidence implicating an existent element of doubt within Catholic documentation in relation to the historical belief in Transubstantiation. There are however, many evident writings by Early Church Fathers to support literal interpretation of the belief in the Eucharist as the Real Presence of Christ, as opposed to symbolical perception theorised by fundamentalists.A clearly outlined belief in Real Presence is offered in Ignatius of Antioch's words of wisdom - "Strive then to make use of one form of thanksgiving, for the flesh of Our Lord Jesus Christ is one and one is the Chalice in the union of His Blood, one alter, one bishop".In relation to the concept of transubstantiation, Saint Ambrose (340-397) the Bishop of Milan, wrote: "Let us be assured that this is not what nature formed, but what the blessing consecrated, and the greater efficacy resides in the blessing than in nature, for by the blessing nature is changed".Saint Augustine, an influential figure in the history of Christianity, professed his belief in Real Presence through this literary contribution - "It was in His flesh that Christ walked among us and it is his flesh that he has...

Find Another Essay On Transubstantiation

History of the Eucharist Essay

782 words - 3 pages to hold the Eucharist.During the middle ages, the focus turned to the meaning of the 'real presence'. The doctrine of transubstantiation was declared at the Fourth Lateran Council to describe the change from bread and wine to the body and blood of Jesus. The emphasis on receiving the Eucharist faded into the background and seeing it as the Eucharistic Lord came into focus. By this time, few people received the Eucharist, so at the Fourth Lateran

Martin Luther: Reformer or Revolutionist? Essay

916 words - 4 pages spiritual liberty and servitude. Luther may have been a reformist in the fact that he wanted to change the ways of the Church, but since the Church did not want change and he still forced the issue, he became a revolutionist.For Luther, the Eucharist of Lord's supper was really a symbolic act rather than an actual instance of transubstantiation in which the bread and wine actually become the body and blood of Christ. According to the Church, the

Martin Luther

2573 words - 10 pages commemorationthrough which clergy and communicants raise their spirits bysymbolic remembrance of Christ's life and death. In contrast,according to the teachings of the Roman Church, Christ's humanbody and blood are actually present in the consecrated breadand wine.As Bertrand Russell states: 'Even more important in theMiddle Ages, was transubstantiation; only a priest couldperform the miracle of the mass. It was not until the eleventhcentury in 1079

Muahaha

529 words - 2 pages up with the topic of Liberation Theology vs. Theology of Prosperity.There were various theologies of the sacrament of Holy Communion that were being debated during the Reformation. Among reformers there were conflicting views on transubstantiation, consubstantiation, infant baptism and Christ's importance of being in communion overall. Some reformers and reformation events that appealed believers more than others were Martin Luther, Ulrich

Protestant DBQ What are the differences between the catholic and protestant churches during the first years of the break

653 words - 3 pages alone, no transubstantiation, and that the clergy should be allowed to marry. These statements led to the Edict of Worms which was a trail accusing Luther of heresy and demanding he take back his statements as seen in Document 4. The heads of the Church accuse Luther of going against the church, "Would you put your judgment above so many famous men and claim you know more than them all?" (Document 4).Throughout the trail, though asked may times

The Protestant Reformation

1227 words - 5 pages from the bible, Luther together with other reformers discovered that most of the practices and teachings by the church with regards to salvation did not match the teachings of Christ. One of the practices he was also opposed to included the much used sacraments. The church taught that the miracle of the Holy Communion was transubstantiation. This meant that when the priest would administer wine and bread, their substance would be transformed in to

The Eucharist

1480 words - 6 pages , Christmas, Epiphany, Lent, Easter, and Pentecost. It also follows a distinctive cycle of commemoration of the saints. A distinguishing mark of Catholic worship is prayer for the dead. Distinctively Catholic doctrines on the Eucharist include the sacrificial nature of the Mass and transubstantiation. The unbloody sacrifice of the Mass is identified with the bloody sacrifice of the cross, in that both are offered for the sins of

Christianity

1323 words - 5 pages to the early Christian church. The Roman Catholic retains the strict values of the Early Christian Churches. What separate the Catholic from other denominations are the belief in purgatory, acceptance into clergy and belief in transubstantiation. The doctrine of purgatory is a belief that after death, a soul will carry the sins from time on earth. Before a soul can enter heaven, venial and mortal sins, as well as imperfections and evil habits

Henry VIII and the Church of England

2246 words - 9 pages Transubstantiation. The Institution of a Christian Man The Institution of a Christian Man held many of Catholic beliefs on most matters. Henry’s view of transubstantiation in the Institution is similar to Luther’s theory that Christ is present but the bread and wine do not change into the Body and the Blood. It also took a different stance on idols and images in the church. Henry believed that Idols and Images should be limited in the church and

The Eucharist Contoversy

2071 words - 9 pages , there are some doctrines concerning the Lord's Supper , namely : 1 ) Transubstantiation , triggered by the Roman church - no change or transformation , which transforms bread into the body of Christ is literally so does the wine transformed into the blood of Christ . Christ physically present . The emphasis is on : " This is my body . " 2 ) Consubtansiasi initiated by Luther ; bread and wine remain bread and wine but the real presence of

John Wycliffe

2049 words - 9 pages comes salvation; Wycliffe based his theory on that and said that no man can lose his salvation unless he deteriorates from God by his own choosing. He didn’t agree with transubstantiation, being a realist philosopher, he believed that universal concepts have real existence. He stated that transubstantiation was idolatrous and unscriptural because Christ is figuratively, but not essentially, present. Evidently, he lost support from many of his

Similar Essays

Beliefs Of Luther, Zwingli, The Anabaptists And The Roman Catholics

1469 words - 6 pages , then the Lutherans and then the followers of Zwingli. The Roman Catholics believed that when taking communion, there was an actual conversion of the bread and wine into Christ’s body and blood. This was known as transubstantiation. Since the blood and wine turned into Christ’s body and blood this meant that Christ was being sacrificed over and over again. Luther and Zwingli strongly disagree with transubstantiation and continual sacrifice, yet

Miracles Happening In Today's World? It Is All A Matter Of Faith

1156 words - 5 pages transubstantiation or "the real presence" was simple and direct. The idea contradicts sense that the bread and wine used in the communion ceremony is really changed in substance so that what is bread and wine to all the senses is really the body and blood of Christ. If it looks like bread, smells like bread, tastes like bread, then it is bread. To believe otherwise is to give up the basis for all knowledge based on sense experience. Anything could

Christ Has No Body Essay

1295 words - 5 pages work, do not necessarily carry the same weight. I believe that I am “made righteous by grace through faith alone apart from works” (Kinnaman np). My belief and fidelity toward Him are all that I deem necessary to find a deep and meaningful relationship with God. Furthermore, the catholic belief of transubstantiation during the Holy Eucharist is an aspect of the sacrament that has become foreign to me. As a Lutheran, I hold the sacrament of

The Extent To Which England Was A Protestant Country By 1547

976 words - 4 pages in England were completely different. He believed in ‘Justification by Faith Alone.’ He also criticises the seven Sacraments. Such as the role of the Priest, the Eucharist and the process of transubstantiation. To what extent was England a protestant country by 1547 is a complex question and it has been argued by many that England was still a fundamentally catholic country by the death of Henry VIII, and that it was