Why Did The Second World War Break Out In 1939?

858 words - 4 pages

On 3rd September 1939, Britain declared war on Germany. Just two days earlier on 1st of that same month, Germany had invaded Poland, having been explicitly warned not to do so. Was this the only factor leading up to WWII? Or was there a string of events, occurring in cannon, waiting to be sparked by this final act? – Was it just the last straw? In this essay I will be explaining the four main causes of the war before analysing them and identifying their order of importance to answer these intriguing questions.
One factor which contributed to the outbreak of war in 1939 was the Treaty of Versailles. It stated that Germany had to give up large areas of land such as ‘Alsace-Lorraine’ to ...view middle of the document...

Hitler’s actions were driven by these vengeful thoughts provoked by the treaty, and he came into power because people saw him as a light, to free them.
These actions performed by Hitler were another major cause of WWII. One example of his actions is the ‘Re-Militarisation of the Rhineland’, when Hitler secretly raised an army and led it to the Rhineland, an area of Germany to which no German troops were allowed to enter, as stated in the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler also unified with Austria and invaded the Czechoslovakian Sudetenland before claiming the entire country soon after. In Europe at the time, these actions caused mixed feelings – some countries appeased Hitler and allowed him to grow and thrive in Europe. Mainly due to the worry of communism from the east – Neville Chamberlain believed that a powerful Germany could act as a barrier against communism, stopping it in its tracks, and that they should be let off the ‘harsh’ treaty. Others felt that appeasing would allow for time to gain strength, and to prepare in the case of a war against him. Many of those countries appeased but were waiting for something to spark off a reason for war, for fear of waiting too long and being invaded. So when Hitler invaded Poland against the will of Britain, the war had been ‘sparked off’. But Hitler’s actions also contributed to the war in other ways – the acts of appeasement induced...

Find Another Essay On Why did the Second World War break out in 1939?

Why did World War I break out in the summer of 1914?

1581 words - 6 pages international law, and the rights of nations." 10 The origins of this conflict are complex; so are the causes. What then, initiated that "a fate greater than human power hung over Europe"14? How did the greatest conflict in the world begin and what influenced that in 1914, "the nations […] slithered over the brink into the boiling cauldron of war"13? At last, why did the War break out in the summer of 1914?There are different theories that state the

How did the Second World War Affect Family Life in Britain Between 1939-45?

1943 words - 8 pages How did the Second World War Affect Family Life in Britain Between 1939-45?The Blitz comes from a German word meaning lightning. It was the sustained strategic bombing of the United Kingdom by Germany during the Second World War. Between 7 September 1940 and 21 May 1941 there were major raids (attacks in which more than 100 tons of high explosives were dropped) on 16 British cities. Over a period of 267 days (almost 37 weeks), London was

WHY DID A CIVIL WAR BREAK OUT IN ENGLAND 1642

2979 words - 12 pages WHY DID A CIVIL WAR BREAK OUT IN ENGLAND IN 1642?The Civil War had many separate causes. If we are to believe Conrad Russell then religion was the most important aspect of the explosive nature of the war following 1640. Other historians such as John Morrill have pointed out that to look too closely at religion in high politics as almost a single factor of the war is a dangerous stance to take. Morrill espouses the view that whilst events in high

Why World War II Broke out in 1939

2153 words - 9 pages border districts of Czechoslovakia. 3. Britain and Germany would never go to war. On 1 October German troops marched into the Sudetenland with no resistance. Although the British people welcomed the Munich Agreement, they did not trust Hitler. In March 1939 they were proved right. On 15 March, with Czechoslovakia in chaos, German troops took over the rest of the country. There was no resistance from the Czechs. Nor did

Why did World War I break out and who was to blame?

1738 words - 7 pages long-term cause of the war breaking out was what is known as The Alliance Systems. These were two separate plans drawn up by several different countries to protect each other and in effect, prevent war from breaking out. However, this was rather ironically one of the biggest reasons why the war was not just a small two-country war, but the largest scale war ever until 1939 (World War II). This is because these plans drew up hatred, anger and

Why War Broke Out in Europe in 1939

2533 words - 10 pages Why War Broke Out in Europe in 1939 When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1939, he was not at all secretive about his plans for Germany. He had four main aims, which were: - Abolish the Treaty of Versailles - Expand German territory - Defeat communism - The creation of One Reich He, like many others, believed the Treaty of Versailles was unjust and planned to abolish it. He called the German

Why did the number of people migrating to Britain increase during the three decades following the Second World War?

989 words - 4 pages There are several reasons why the amount of individuals migrating to Britain improved for the duration of the thirty years following the Second World War. Many soldiers from Britain's overseas communities were made to join armed forces. Many men from the Indian sub-continent and the Caribbean islands contributed to the war effort. This therefore emphasised their view of themselves as loyal British Citizens fighting for their country. The

Why Did A.J.P Taylor’s Analysis of the Origins of the Second World War Cause Such Controversy Among Historians?

1043 words - 5 pages Why did A.J.P Taylor’s analysis of the origins of the Second World War cause such controversy among historians? It was broadly considered that the Second World War began in 1939 because of Hitler’s plan for world domination; many historians validated this view at the time until A.J.P. Taylor published his book ‘Origins of the Second World War’ in 1961. A. J. P Taylor was the first historian to examine the war with a completely open mind

Why did the 1905 Russian Revolution break out, and how significant was the 1905 Revolution in bringing about political change by 1912?

859 words - 3 pages The 1905 Russian Revolution was the first of the revolutions that took place in attempt to overthrow Russia's Tsarist (or Imperial Autocracy) regime. The revolution broke out in 1905 because of the public unrest and economic depression caused by the Russo-Japanese war in 1904-5; and because of the "Bloody Sunday" of January 9th, 1905. The significance of the 1905 Revolution was determined by the October Manifesto, which was the Tsar's response

why did stalin carry out the purges?

857 words - 3 pages when the USSR fought in the Second World War in 1941. Stalin's ruthless is what stands out when people compare him to other potential leaders (e.g. Trotsky, Lenin (if not dead). Many would say that Lenin would be able to pull Russia through this devastating process, and that he was ruthless enough, because it was him that introduced the labour and prison camps in the 1920s. The biggest argument to show that Lenin was not capable of achieving what

Why did the Nazis treatment of the Jews change from 1939-45?

679 words - 3 pages front of open pits and shot dead.The killing squads murdered more than a million Jews and hundreds of thousands of other innocent people. So why, specifically did these killings occur towards the Jews? Looking at history between Germany and the Jews we can see conflict occurred directly after the First World War. Germany blamed the Jewish population for their defeat in the war as well as the economic slump, which followed. By the time the Nazis

Similar Essays

Why Did War Break Out In 1939?

1341 words - 6 pages Why Did War Break Out In 1939?IntroductionThere wasn't just one main cause or reason for the outbreak of war in 1939. In fact, it was the build up of many different factors that led to the Second World War. The following are the factors that led to war:The rearmament of GermanyGerman rearmament began after Hitler left the 1932-34 Geneva Disarmament Conference. He stated that as the victors of WWI would not disarm to his level, he would rearm

Why Did War Break Out In Europe In 1939?

1253 words - 5 pages Historians have suggested many reasons for the outbreak of the Second World War, yet there is no single reason why the war broke out.One reason why the war broke out in 1929 is that the Treaty of Versailles solved nothing. Because Germany suffered huge reparations from the First World War and the loss of land simply helped to justify Hitler and the aggression which he showed. The Treaty was unjust and unfair on Germany. They were also angry at

Why Did World War I Break Out In 1914?

604 words - 2 pages long term cause is Nationalism.Nationalism is the belief that one's own country is the best in the world. The problem with this belief is that one looks down on other countries, and vice versa. The reason why Nationalism is a long term cause of the war is because it takes time for individual nations to come together; and more time to build up confidence in each nation.The second long term cause of the war was Imperialism. Imperialism comes from

Why Did World War I Break Out In 1914?

745 words - 3 pages In this essay I am going to be explaining the causes of WWI. There are four main causes of WWI. They are Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism an Alliances. The assignation of Archduke Ferdinand was only the 'spark' which set off the 'barrel of gunpowder'. The four causes had created so much tension in Europe that it only needed one event to trigger war. I will break down the four causes in to long-term, medium-term and short-term. The first long