Zulfikar Bhutto Essay

1120 words - 5 pages

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a Pakistani politician and statesman who founded the Pakistan People’s Party and was president of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and prime minister from 1973 to 1977. On April 4, 1979, he was executed in Punjab, Pakistan, after being overthrown in a military coup by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Supposedly, Bhutto had killed the father of his political opponent Mr. Ahmad Raza Kasuri. There are conspiracies however, that claim the death of Mr. Kasuri’s father was not the only reason Bhutto was executed, or even, not the reason at all. These theories say that someone wanted Bhutto dead, including the general who ousted him – Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq – and the United States.
...view middle of the document...

One year later the rulers reluctantly gave the PPP the power, in the aftermath of the Pak-India War of 1971, which resulted in cessation of East Pakistan under military dispensation of General Yahya Khan. For the next five years Bhutto served as president and then prime minister of Pakistan. (Life and Legacy of the Founder Chairman PPP. (n.d.).)
Bhutto’s downfall began as early as March 1973. Bhutto began facing considerable criticism and increasing unpopularity as his term progressed. There was a strong group in the country that did not accept him and who considered him one of the players involved in the disintegration of Pakistan. This hatred was only enhanced by his authoritarian style government. His opposition emerged as a significant force against him for the first time when elections were announced in January 1977. They decided to join forces against him and challenge the election from a common platform, the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA). When the election was over the PPP had won the majority of the seats in the National Assembly. PNA leadership did not accept the results and accused the Government of rigging the election. Many protests followed siding with the PNA. (Ouster of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. (n.d.).)
Initially Bhutto denied the PNA’s charges that his landslide victory was the result of rigging, however, the ongoing protests soon made Bhutto realize that it would not be wise to attempt to eliminate the movement aggressively. So, he changed tactics and started to look into the possibility of negotiations. He held meetings with PNA leaders and worked on compromising with them. Bhutto eventually accepted almost all the demands of PNA and an agreement seemed to be made. However, Bhutto went on tour before the signing of the agreement. His tour was labeled as slow tactics and a stalemate rose again.
On July 5, 1977, General Zia-ul-Haq, Bhutto’s appointed army chief, enacted martial law and removed Bhutto from public office in a bloodless coup. Bhutto was held in detention for a month, and then released.

Many, including his daughter, believe Bhutto was killed at the request of the United States for pursuing nuclear abilities. Many political analysts widely suspected that the overthrow of Bhutto was arranged with help of the Central Intelligence Agency and the United States Government because the...

Find Another Essay On Zulfikar Bhutto

Salman Rusdie - portrait in brief

1430 words - 6 pages delivered at the stroke of midnight, 14 August 1947, as India gained its independence from England.SHAME (1983) centered on a well-to-do Pakistani family, using the family history as a metaphor for the country. The story included two thinly veiled historical characters - Iskander Harappa, a playboy turned politician, modeled on the former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, and General Raza Hyder, Iskander's associate and later his executioner

Islamic Fundamentalism's War Against Women Essay

2870 words - 11 pages started a new doctrine, where the clerics knew what was best for everybody else. "Virtually every regime in the region which has played the religious card, she says, from Iran to Saudi Arabia, has seen it backfire, leaving the regime hostage to the religious right.In 1977, when Bhutto's father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, needed to appease the religious right, he outlawed gambling and alcohol. "Some people say that it opened the door at that time," she

Indo-Pakistani Conflict

4084 words - 16 pages Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, West Pakistan's People's Party (PPP) leader, urged Rahman to meet with him to discuss some kind of compromise. Rahman refused to share political power with the PPP. Subsequently, without warning Bhutto called on the President of Pakistan, Yahya Khan, to use military aggression against East Pakistan to suppress Rahman's opposition. On the night of March 25-26, 1971, the West Pakistani Army quickly moved into East Pakistan to

How Damaging is Negative Word of Mouth?

2577 words - 10 pages Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science & Technology. Twenty students each were assigned to one of three conditions - positive WOM, negative WOM and no WOM. WOM was passed through a person who was respectable and authentic source for the students and had supposedly personal experience of the product, yet not part of the research. The independent variable in each condition was the nature of a WOM communication (positive, negative & none). 4.2

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Similar Essays

Vicissuted Of Pakistani Politics Essay

1932 words - 8 pages to rule any muslim country in this world.II Early life and Education of Benazir BhuttoShe was born on June 21, 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan, the eldest child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. (Benazir Bhutto, 2013)She married Asif Ali Zardari on 18 December 1987. The marriage improved Bhutto's political position because older unmarried women are disapproved in Pakistan. (WEISMAN, 1987)''Benazir went to school in Karachi through high school

Poltical Parties And The Muslim Republics

2704 words - 11 pages subcontinent it was divided into different parties like Jamaat-e-Islami Hind and Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami. Its objective is formation of an Islamic state, governed by Sharia law. Jamaat e Islami opposes ideologies such as capitalism & secularism. Pakistan People’s Party Pakistan people party was founded on 30 November 1967. It was formed by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became first chairman of party and later 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan

“Amar Sonar Bangla” The Violation Of Human Rights By Pakistan That Led To The Independence Of Bangladesh

753 words - 4 pages Election in Pakistan Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, leader of the Awami League, won a mudslide victory in the national elections in 1971 and demanded independence for East Pakistan. The party won a majority in the national assembly. This victory also gave it the right to form a government, but the Chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto refused to let Sheikh become the Prime Minister of Pakistan. This initiated the war. The Sheik gave a

Death In Space Essay

8234 words - 33 pages - Iskander Mirza - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto - the ulama. Changes to the syllabus are indicated by black vertical lines either side of the text. Contents 1. Introduction .................................................................................................................... 2 1.1 Why choose Cambridge? 1.2 Why choose Cambridge O Level? 1.3 Why choose Cambridge O Level Pakistan Studies? 1.4 How can I find out more? 2. Teacher support