Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a Pakistani politician and statesman who founded the Pakistan People’s Party and was president of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and prime minister from 1973 to 1977. On April 4, 1979, he was executed in Punjab, Pakistan, after being overthrown in a military coup by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Supposedly, Bhutto had killed the father of his political opponent Mr. Ahmad Raza Kasuri. There are conspiracies however, that claim the death of Mr. Kasuri’s father was not the only reason Bhutto was executed, or even, not the reason at all. These theories say that someone wanted Bhutto dead, including the general who ousted him – Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq – and the United States.
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One year later the rulers reluctantly gave the PPP the power, in the aftermath of the Pak-India War of 1971, which resulted in cessation of East Pakistan under military dispensation of General Yahya Khan. For the next five years Bhutto served as president and then prime minister of Pakistan. (Life and Legacy of the Founder Chairman PPP. (n.d.).)
Bhutto’s downfall began as early as March 1973. Bhutto began facing considerable criticism and increasing unpopularity as his term progressed. There was a strong group in the country that did not accept him and who considered him one of the players involved in the disintegration of Pakistan. This hatred was only enhanced by his authoritarian style government. His opposition emerged as a significant force against him for the first time when elections were announced in January 1977. They decided to join forces against him and challenge the election from a common platform, the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA). When the election was over the PPP had won the majority of the seats in the National Assembly. PNA leadership did not accept the results and accused the Government of rigging the election. Many protests followed siding with the PNA. (Ouster of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. (n.d.).)
Initially Bhutto denied the PNA’s charges that his landslide victory was the result of rigging, however, the ongoing protests soon made Bhutto realize that it would not be wise to attempt to eliminate the movement aggressively. So, he changed tactics and started to look into the possibility of negotiations. He held meetings with PNA leaders and worked on compromising with them. Bhutto eventually accepted almost all the demands of PNA and an agreement seemed to be made. However, Bhutto went on tour before the signing of the agreement. His tour was labeled as slow tactics and a stalemate rose again.
On July 5, 1977, General Zia-ul-Haq, Bhutto’s appointed army chief, enacted martial law and removed Bhutto from public office in a bloodless coup. Bhutto was held in detention for a month, and then released.
Many, including his daughter, believe Bhutto was killed at the request of the United States for pursuing nuclear abilities. Many political analysts widely suspected that the overthrow of Bhutto was arranged with help of the Central Intelligence Agency and the United States Government because the...